Forensic Knowledge for Judges
DNA FORENSICS AND COURT OF LAW
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Key questions: How reliable is DNA, and how is that reliability being established by science in the eyes of court of law? How does DNA expert testimony support the trial from attorney's point of views? Technology has changed many aspects of the criminal justice system, and the use of DNA evidence represents one of the best examples of how technology has altered the criminal justice landscape. But hereto the bottom line is simple: In a number of forensic science disciplines, legal professionals have yet to establish either the validity of the scientific approach or the accuracy of their conclusions. Those two important questions in a preamble above base on the variety reasons that the courts as well as judges have been utterly ineffective in addressing the problems pertaining with DNA admissibility and management. Most lawyers and judges don’t understand the rules governing the admissibility of forensic evidence, or the applicable standards governing appellate review of trial and court decisions over genetic samples, the limitations of the adversary process due to the common lack of scientific expertise among judges and lawyers whom cannot effectively understand and then teach juries about DNA.  Unless they should actually done some basic DNA analysis training from beginning. The goal of introducing basic forensic course for defense council and prosecutors to learn more about DNA (from collection to reporting of statistics) is so crucial other than just rely on testimony of scientific community and presentation made by forensic officers to testifies evidence in court. Training for Criminal Justice Community     In order to maximize the use of DNA technology in court room, the judicial officials mainly  prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges need a constant training on basic DNA forensics, when the lawyers understand what is the expectation they can easily provide assistance regarding the collection and use of DNA evidence to the wide variety of professionals involved in the criminal justice system, including police officers,forensic scientists, medical personnel, victim service providers, corrections officers, and probational parole officers.  All the key players in the criminal justice system should receive additional training in the proper collection, preservation, presentation, usage and interpretation of DNA evidence.  The fundamental knowledge of DNA technology is essential not only for police officers to collect evidence properly, but such analysis skills and technical assistance required by prosecutors  for allowing them to learn how to solve “cold cases” with DNA evidence, responding to post-conviction DNA testing requests. A well informed judges can make appropriate rulings on scientific admissibility and developing innovative legal strategies to optimize the power of forensic DNA technology. Informing Victims about DNA role The victim service providers likewise need to understand DNA technology in order to be fully responsive to the needs of victims whom may shadowed in the process of DNA testingVictims and those who advocate on their behalf must have access to information about the courtroom uses of forensic DNA evidence. Victims should be properly informed about how DNA evidence may impact their cases.  Example,in a serious situations that involving post-conviction,a representing council of the victim must be able to assist victims through such often-painful process of newly-ordered DNA tests and re-opened court proceedings.  To address the concerns of victims, the initiative would develop additional DNA education and training programs for victim advocates so that they may better assist victims in all cases involving DNA evidence.           Resources 1. https://goo.gl/EpwVpP 2. http://www.thetruthaboutforensicscience.com/dna-training/ 3. http://www.venables.co.uk/cpd.htm 4. http://www.americanbar.org/publications/criminal_justice_section_archive/crimjust_standards_dnaevidence.html 5. http://www.dnaprincipalforensics.com/ 6. http://wispd.org/index.php/legal-resources/specialty-practices/forensic-sciences      
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This is an educational project that aspiring for the introduction of Bioscience in the Republic of Namibia. On this website we demonstrate the significance and importance of DNA technology.
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