DNA biometrics has been in discussion for while,with recent advancements in DNA technology that made biometric system affordable,reliable and more practical feasible. One of the main aim of this article in this project is to illustrate how the universal biometric system that incorporated with human biological data like genes will work. Of course the universal ID will enhance those already existing access controls and security network scheme we have in civic administrations and used by some civil organizations. The introduction of new devices and software like DNA scanners,readers, sequencers and now then RapidHIT® System avail unlimited possibilities of creating human Identification algorithm bases on genetic biodata of each and very human being. Time will tell when these type of technologies are ready for the commercialization in wide spectrum. “The effectiveness of biometric technology is depends how and where it will be used, every each modality has its strengths and weaknesses”.Biometric system generally has some characteristics that can be divided into two main categories: (1) Psychological and (2) Behavioral. The Physiological category model information on human body’s features like the shape of physical body. Fingerprints are also one of physiological traits that have been used for more than 100 years. Other physiological traits are face recognition, hand geometry, iris recognition and also DNA is part of physiological category, although it’s in a sub-category of [Biological]. While Behavioral characteristics are related to the behavior of a person, like hand signature which is the form of identification and verification that used commonly. Another behavior approaches are voice recognition and keystroke dynamics. Other less biometrics too are being researched which are base on uniqueness of a persons’ way of walking,known as “gait”, retina,facial thermo gram, odor, palm prints and etc. An universal ID system:Biometric system is widely used by many organizations and states as added security to already established measures. Many countries are busy re-modernizing their national ID databases plus integrate variety of biometric identifiers to authenticate or verify personal identity based on humans’ physical characteristics such as fingerprints, iris, face, voice and DNA. The mandatory of nationwide identification schemes have implemented in a number of countries including Argentina, Belgium, Colombia, Germany, Italy, Peru, and Spain. The biometric schemes vary from country to country and differ from organization to organization. Those schemes are contain large amounts of personal data such as name, birth date, place of birth, gender, eye color, height, current address, photograph, and other information that linked to the a special number stored in a centralized database. The increasingly demand for biological identifier has expanded because the already existing biometric technologies are unsuitable for an universal ID system. Thus (DNA) provides the most reliable form of personal identification on site. The goodness about DNA code is that it’s intrinsically digital, and does not change during a person’s life or even after death. Frankly speaking biometric system itself is rapidly changing in a coincidence to what happened in modern world of information and technology that introduced a new interdisciplinary field Bioinformatics that bridging the gap between Biology and Computational. Human identification based on DNA polymorphism is a very interesting and viable, since our human body is composed of approximately of 60 trillion cells. and each individual cell has DNA code folded within the nucleus of each and very cell. These biological code can be thought as life blueprint that entailing the architecture and actual designing of human body, which then more useful for personal identification.
UNIVERSAL ID SYSTEM
Abiometricsystemperformstwoimportantfunctions:(1)Verificationand(2)Identification.The Verification process involves algorithmic steps that are comparing information of an individual to a pre-stored data in the system and while an Identification process is drawing a match to a pre-stored information and find the best uniformity as closer as possible.The criteria parameters that make Biometric system unique: (b). Obsolete-less – How well a biometric system resists technical aging. (c). Collectability – Simplicity of acquisition and measurement of stored data. (d). Performance – Accuracy, speed,robustness and user-friendly. (e). Acceptability – The degree of societal approval for the aspired technology. (f). Circumvention –Easiness of technical operable.
Question: Why the world’s governments are hesitating for the implementing of Universal ID System that may use biological token for human identification and verification? There are many answers to this question. The fact is that there are some issues surrounding DNA Biometrics, such as: Ethical, privacy and security compromising of accessibility to the stored bio-data.There is also certain factors act as stumbling blockage as follow:(a) Naiveness and Ignorance of new science and technology(b) Sociological fear [ Skepticism ].Technical naiveness and ignorance of science; This is most dangerous blockage and the main reason why the development in this particular sector has being tucked in laboratory obscurity and scientific boot-champ’s trials but, never ever came afore to be a matter of practical implementation. Some of contributing factor is that many world leaders (politicians) don’t care nor know much of science and technology plus general populace have an ignorance that mixed with skepticism whenever new scientific concepts are being tested. The few people who posses the right skills,talents and knowledge of knowing how to innovate or implement such a biological identification system, they never given a chance or support to do the best they could. Sociological fear: The use of DNA technology raises concerns for privacy and civil liberties. DNA is a highly informative piece of biological data that some people feel can be used for negative means if given the opportunity, so. with this in mind, the nature of DNA and its use in the biometric environment can be really threatening, because some governments will use it for the purpose of biosurveillance and other freedom invasions. However, if the state adopt good security mechanisms that ensure a high level of confidentiality and the security of DNA database (access rights) those negative implications can be averted. Benevolence of DNA biometric system:Biometric system that has incorporated with biological code hold a great promise for private companies and public agencies. The reality is that DNA biometrics is the future of the security industry which is quickly being recognized as the most accurate form of human identity. Developers of biometric technology are continue searching for easier andcost-effective means and resilient approaches to implementation it. Genome-based biometrics will enhance security of e-business that adding value to user’s verification while maintaining customer satisfaction.