What are fingerprints?Fingerprint is a study of Forensic dactyloscopyresulted from reproductions of the patterns formed by the papillary ridges located on the palm side of the fingers and thumbs. According the established facts which show that the chance of one finger producing a print identical with that of another finger, whether on the same hand or on the hand of another person, is so astronomical that for all practical biological stain marking it is reasonable to conclude that such match between two finger’s ridges will never materialise. It has been computed that, theoretically, two identical prints would be found only once during a period longer than what astronomers have estimate the time needed for the sun to turns into a dwarf , the process that takes thousands millennia.
History and definitionWhat is Forensics? Forensics defined as relationship to the application of scientific knowledge or methods that are suitable for court of law in solving crimes or tackling legal problems. Forensic science is a wide field that comprises many disciplines and subdivisions fore instance like Computational forensics, Forensic anthropology, Forensic dactyloscopy, Forensic Biologywhich include DNA analysis. The first account of using medical forensics and entomology to solve criminal cases was appeared about (1186–1249) during the Song Dynasty in ancient China. There are several old written version by Song Ci “Xi Yuan Lu” (the progenitor of ancient forensics).OverviewThe word “forensic” is derived from the Latin word “forensis” which means forum, a public place in Roman empire those days, where senators and other debaters held judicial proceedings. Although there are various subdivisions in forensic department that worth a notice, however here on this project’s website we can’t delve much more details about them, but we only going to focus on DNA forensics(forensic biology). Nowadays forensic community enjoying latest technical revolutionaries, that brought about by new inventions of DNAscan Rapid Analysis System, the process that operate automatically (hands free) to develop a final DNA profiles from a known/unknown reference samples. This process consists of integrated extraction, amplification, separation, and detection without human intervention, but requires only human interpretation and technical review. Boasting about these new sequencing DNA machines like CODIS, Illumina, RapiHit and among other DNA technologies available, this is indeed great achievement for the law enforcement agencies to utilize them efficiently. The new DNA technology helping the forensic labs to produce results within minutes and allow the police to arrest the suspect in short time span. This has came to reduces those expensive and prolonging police investigations that created somehow backlogs in the criminal justice systems.Training for Forensic Scientists and Law Enforcement officialsPolice and forensic scientists are the first responders to crime scenes, therefore law enforcement officers should learn how to operate,identify, present, collect and preserve probative biological samples for submission to crime laboratories. Improper collection or handling of genetic materials can mean that valuable evidence is missed or rendered unsuitable for testing. The forensic science community has a critical need for better forensic training and same apply to the scientists in public crime laboratories. The initiation of human development and comprehensive training programs for a new generation of forensic scientists is utmost necessary to enabling new forensic scientists to receive in-depth training which prepare them for better analyzing casework in a crime laboratory and adapt easily to some of tremendous fieldworks. The training for Medical Personnel and supportive axillary services like doctors and nurses as well people who involved in treating victims of crimes should be considered. Such additional training for medical personnel is utmost necessary for day to day business of collect usable DNA evidence, while safeguarding the privacy rights and addressing the needs of those affected by crime traumas.