Human Back-up System: The researches on human embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells can yield information on the complex events that occur during early human development. A primary goal of this work is to identify how undifferentiated stem cells become the differentiated cells that form the tissues and organs of a living being. Scientists have deduced that by know a core concept of life itself and turning genes on and off which perhaps are more critical to the process of cell regenerations can open a new frontier of understanding some of serious medical conditions, such as cancer, early aging and birth defects, which are due to abnormal cell division and differentiation. Therefore more complete analysis of the genetic and molecular controls of these processes may yield information about how such diseases arise and suggest new strategies for proper therapy. Advancing knowledge that predictably draw a closer moves at this fundamental system that controlling cell proliferation and differentiation, requires a continuous research on the molecular and genetic mapping signals that regulate cell division and specialization of cells in a human body. Human stem cells are currently being used to test new drug productions for possible ethical safety using human pluripotent cells. In carcinogenic cells, for example, stem cell technology used for screening purposes against anti-tumor regimen. Stem Cells ApplicationsStem cell technology can be use in some of the following: 1. Micro-bioreactor arrays for controlling microfluidic cellular environments.2. Transplantation and tissue regeneration e.g pluripotent cells, or ‘reprogrammed cells’3.Therapuetics.4.Age modification.5. Scientific researches.Stem cells hold a vital importance for cell replacement: People who lost or experience cell degradation like in some various devastating diseases that are currently have no sustainable cures like H.I.V/AIDS and among others. Cell regeneration is a most valuable aspect of human stem cells required to regenerate enough fresh cells and tissues that could be used in organs and tissue engineering,transplantation and cell-based therapies. Donated organs and tissues that are often given to organ-recipients [patients] in order to replace an ailing or damaged tissue is another segment that growing rapidly today. The constant need for fresh transplantable tissues and organs in health centers todays are far outweighs the available supply, therefore stem cells technology, could be directed to culturing a specific cell types, thus stem cell offers the possibility of a renewable source of all cells and tissue repairing in addressing many diseases including muscular degeneration, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns, heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis,and rheumatoid arthritis and etc. The clear knowledge of ourselves at core-base is a necessity for rendering more elaborated detail through stem cells to find a solution to all carrying genes and diseases. Stem cell technology affords scientists having some viable alternative strategies and glimpses of how the treatment really works inside a human’s body and this again allow them to remodel disease processes in a real-time labs to palpate a tangible remedy if someone get sick.
Watch the videos series of Geron trial on human embryonic stem cells known as oligodendrocytes. This experiment is one of the breakthrough in stem cell technology that ever mankind done.
"Genetic studies will provide the keyto allcommondiseasesand'render genomic'basedmedicines thatinfuture most therapeutics and diagnosis of diseases will depend on”sayProfJohn Bell,chairmanoftheHumanGenomicsStrategyGroup(HGSG).Thus the information provided by DNAdatabaseishighlyneededifhealthcare serviceswouldcapitulateonthisadvanced technologythatallowshealthfraternitiesofferingprofessionalmedicines toallpeople with different type of ailment.Atthemomentsomehealthorganizationsarealreadyoffering genetic testing, for instance to tell how a patient respond to certain cancer fighting drugs. Stem cell testing will likely to be central to most areas of health care example for testing pregnant women's blood to check if the developing foetus has a risk from possible Down's syndrome. It's almost impossible for the country to go forward in the arena of personalized medicines, unless that nations have its DNA database put in place. The DNA database can benefits everybody include public and private clinicians, research community and pharmaceutical companies for accessing anonymously bio-data which allowed them to develop new drugs and design how to tailoring them.